Download e-book for iPad: 3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres (Physics of by Alexander Marshak, Anthony Davis

By Alexander Marshak, Anthony Davis

ISBN-10: 3540239588

ISBN-13: 9783540239581

Advancements in three-d cloud radiation during the last few many years are assessed and distilled into this contributed quantity. Chapters are authored via subject-matter specialists who address a extensive viewers of graduate scholars, researchers, and an individual drawn to cloud-radiation strategies within the sunlight and infrared spectral regions. After introductory chapters and a piece at the basic physics and computational concepts, the amount greatly treats major software components: the impression of clouds at the Earth's radiation funds, that is an important element of weather modeling; and distant statement of clouds, specially with the complex sensors on present and destiny satellite tv for pc missions.

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Extra resources for 3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres (Physics of Earth and Space Environments)

Example text

One characteristic of those early 3D methods, however, was a reliance on radical simplifying assumptions. Computer power was far too limited to solve the full 3D problem in all its glory – something we now take for granted with models like Spherical Harmonics Discrete Ordinate Method (SHDOM Evans, 1998), the ultimate fulfillment of many of the dreams of those days. In the 1970s, we even lacked a proper geometry to describe clouds. It was nascent in the form of Mandelbrot’s monofractals, popularized in his famous book The Fractal Geometry of Nature, but random monofractals turned out to be a poor representation of cloud liquid water structure although they could be tuned to create cloud images of great visual verisimilitude.

3 The Estrangement of Cloud Radiation, Cloud Physics, and Rain Remote Sensing 3D cloud radiation scientists would ideally like to know where every drop is located and the size of each one. Then they could average as they please, but always starting from correct information rather than being forced to make uninformed and often incorrect assumptions about cloud drops. In the best of all possible worlds, they would have turned to cloud physicists and cloud dynamicists for this information. This did not happen – hence the title of this section.

The field of 3D cloud radiation has been created ab initio in the past 30 years, and by a mere handful of people including many authors in this book. These pioneers spent a goodly portion of their time creating general tools. I would like to make a brief survey of some of those new tools, in particular: new instruments and observing strategies; new models of cloud structure based on fractal and other scaling concepts; and new radiative transfer methods. My second major theme of scale will arise naturally in this survey.

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3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres (Physics of Earth and Space Environments) by Alexander Marshak, Anthony Davis

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