By Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer
This Festschrift quantity, released in social gathering of the fiftieth Anniversary of synthetic Intelligence, comprises 34 refereed papers written by means of major researchers within the box of man-made Intelligence. The papers have been conscientiously chosen from the invited lectures given on the fiftieth Anniversary Summit of AI, held on the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006. The summit supplied a venue for discussions on a wide variety of topics.
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Extra info for 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence - Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence
Soon afterwards, in 1948, Claude Shannon  published information theory, recycling several older ideas such as Ludwig Boltzmann’s entropy from 19th century statistical mechanics, and the bit of information (Leibniz, 1701). Relays, Tubes, Transistors. Alternative instances of transistors, the concept pioneered and patented by Julius Edgar Lilienfeld (1920s) and Oskar Heil (1935), were built by William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain & John Bardeen (1948: point contact transistor) as well as Herbert F.
They were designed to mimic expert problem solving in domains like medicine or engineering, and lead to a deeper analysis of problem solving in terms of knowledge level models (Steels and McDermott, 1993). Huge conferences, venture capital, spinoff companies, industrial exhibitions entered the scene and transformed AI forever. From the early 80s, applications became an integral part of AI. The emphasis on applications justified the research effort and proved that AI theory was on the right track, but it also meant that fundamental research slowed down.
Old Testament written (basis of Judaism, Christianity, Islam); major Asian religions founded. High civilizations in China, origin of the first calculation tools, and India, origin of alphabets and the zero 6. Ω − 24 lifetimes: bookprint (often called the most important invention of the past 2000 years) invented in China. Islamic science and culture start spreading across large parts of the known world (this has sometimes been called the most important event between Antiquity and the age of discoveries) 7.
50 Years of Artificial Intelligence - Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence by Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer