By Samuel Elmo Martin
Have you puzzled a couple of jap sentence your textbook fails to provide an explanation for? Do you are feeling not sure in regards to the use of «wa,» «ga,» and «mo?» Or what the foundations and meanings of phrases of their literary kinds are? if that is so, you will discover your solutions in A Reference Grammar of eastern, the main accomplished and trustworthy reference resource on hand. With an in depth 105-page index, the reader will fast locate causes for debris akin to wa, ga, mo, ni, and de tough nouns reminiscent of mono, koto, tokoro, wake, hazu, and tame sentence extensions corresponding to ne, yo, sa, yara, and nari verb tenses, literary varieties, unfavorable kinds - briefly, every thing desirous about the japanese language. For the intense scholar, this e-book is quintessential for clearing up the ambiguities of perplexing jap sentences.
«A really huge paintings. the most effective reference grammars ever written approximately any language.» - magazine of Asian Studies
«A wealth of data has been packed among the covers.» - Monumenta Nipponica
«By a long way the main complete reference grammar of eastern within the English language (and maybe in any language).» - magazine of Linguistics
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Extra info for A Reference Grammar of Japanese
3. COM ITAT I VE N to [ issyo/tomo( -) ni] '(together) with N '. 6. 4. s + to 'when, if, . 2. 5. ) : § 21 . no 5 1 . 4 ( possessive nomina ls) , § 3. 3. 2. (subdued) subject i n adnominalized sentences-see § 1 3. 1 . 5- 6. 3. pronominal 'one/fact/it' etc. 2, § 1 5. 1 3; also § 1 5. 1 7. ) 4. '(which) is (a case of) I = na (from ni [-te]C aru) in certai n adnomi nalizations of the . ly, a reduction . o f ndi aru ( ) copula ; see § 1 3. 1storical 5. an obl igatory reduction(1of n�1 no (4 + 3) 'the one which is' or ( if the derivation is .
Perhaps the first particle is repeated in order to permit the juncture to surface so as to lend extra emphasis to the fol lowing focus particle, which otherwise cou ld not easily be set off by juncture. O r perhaps this is just a way of add i ng wa/mo as a quick afterthought. 2. 1. ORDER OF A DJUNCTS G ide ( 1 965. 1 07 - 8) has compared the Japanese sentence to the furoshiki, that marvel ous carryal l kerchief which wi l l expand or contract to just the size needed for the traveler to carry his belongings-and which can be tucked neatly away when not in use.
8) ; ... 4) . E 1 7. )'; sinai koto n i wa 'unless' ( pp. 396, 552) ; dare no syookai ni 'at whose i ntroduction'. de 0. 2. The uses marked E below can be treat ed as this. But it has been suggested that only those uses for which the pol ite desite can be substituted ( § 22. 1 ) are appropriately considered the COP U LA gerund as such. 1 . ) . Cf. kara 9. 2. materia l '( made) out of' = kara 3 (but preferred to kara in speech) : kam i de tukuru 'makes it (out) of paper', kl de dekite iru 'is made (out) of wood'.
A Reference Grammar of Japanese by Samuel Elmo Martin