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Extra info for Agriculture and Biodiversity: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis: Proceedings from an OECD Expert Meeting, Zurich, Switzerland, November 2001
This process would also help in the development of standardised international biodiversity data sets, and consider that there is potential to make progress on achieving this. 5. 9). 3). 6. Many countries are in the process of developing criteria and thresholds to interpret biodiversity indicators, and in many cases the only practical baseline will be the first year from the beginning of when programmes are monitored. A number of baseline options can be considered for biodiversity, but setting such a baseline is a complex and often a relatively arbitrary process.
Table 2. Classification of livestock populations Status of endangerment x Critical x Endangered x Vulnerable x Insecure x Normal Source: Bodó, 1992 44 Population size < 100 breeding females 100 – 1,000 breeding females 1,000 – 5,000 breeding females 5,000 – 10,000 breeding females > 10,000 breeding females Figure 4. Trends in the status of endangerment of native lifestock breeds according to their population size 25 normal insecure vulnerable endangered critical Number of breeds 20 15 10 5 0 1997 1998 1999 Cattle 1997 1998 1999 Pig 1997 1998 1999 Sheep 1997 1998 1999 Goat Source: Calculated of the data from IGR, 2001; Bodó, 1992.
Up to present the main focus of policy actions in the area of biodiversity has been to protect and conserve endangered species and habitats. Measures adopted by OECD countries for agricultural biodiversity conservation can be categorised into three main types: x Economic incentives, such as through area payments and management agreements based on individual agreements between farmers and regional/national authorities, where payments are provided in compensation for restrictions on certain farming practices for biodiversity conservation.
Agriculture and Biodiversity: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis: Proceedings from an OECD Expert Meeting, Zurich, Switzerland, November 2001 by Organization for Economic Cooperation &