By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The e-book specializes in geological background because the severe think about making a choice on the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the several riding mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored by means of reviewing the heritage of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the function of mountain uplift and weather switch.
This booklet provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic list of Amazonia that used to be characterised via fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely various natural world. This fauna contains giants resembling the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but additionally a diversified fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
ultimately, a evaluation the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic atmosphere, discussing the prospective kin among the foundation of Amazonian species variety and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the USA. The multidisciplinary process in comparing the background of Amazonia has ended in a accomplished quantity that offers novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One advent: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic background of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin process (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for neighborhood Geology in Northern South the USA (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its effect on earlier Fluvial structures (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the improvement of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impact in Amazonia: proof from the Geological list (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the USA and their influence on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement procedures in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather version in Amazonia throughout the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain diversity (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen glossy Andean Rainfall version in the course of ENSO Cycles and its influence at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A evaluation of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the United States (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement over the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The foundation of the trendy Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical checklist (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological point of view (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and old methods to styles of Tree range and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian vegetation and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular viewpoint (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular stories and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic versions (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the foundation of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Additional resources for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
Experimental climate modelling for a low-elevation Andes and the effect on Amazonian climate is explored by Sepulchre et al. in Chapter 13. Based on their model, the role of the Andes in maintaining permanent wet conditions in the lowlands is seemingly less prominent than one would expect. 10/27/2009 9:52:58 Shobha 4 C. P. Wesselingh The wet character of the Amazonian climate is mostly the result of the Amazonian hydrological cycle. However, a lower Andes would create different precipitation patterns than at Present, and the removal of the Andes would increase seasonality.
2003). This chapter is based on our own field experiences in the Guiana Shield, especially in Suriname and Colombia, and to a lesser extent in French Guiana, Venezuela and Brazil, and furthermore a large amount of literature in international and local journals and books. It is difficult to do justice to the enormous amount of data and analyses that have been obtained during the last decades, and this review does not pretend to do more than sketch the bare outlines of what we think are the most salient features of the craton.
Eds) (1998) Geoecologia y desarrollo Amazonico: estudio integrado en la zona de Iquitos, Peru. Annales Universitatis Turkuensis, A II, 114, 544 pp. W. (eds) (1993) Amazonia Peruana, Vegetación Humeda Tropical en el Llano Subandino. Turku: University of Turku. , Martin, P. (1998) Marine incursions into South America. Nature 396, 421–422. , Wesselingh, F. (1998) The stage for Neotropical fish diversification: A history of tropical South American rivers. S. (eds) Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes.
Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past by Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh